Many businesses don’t realize that their websites are vulnerable to hacking. They believe that their PCs, laptops, and files are at risk, but not their portal to the outside world. Clearly, this belief is misplaced. Hackers can and will exploit website vulnerabilities for their own advantage.
They might want to shut down your site to internet traffic. They might want to obtain customer information. They may even want to destroy your databases. Once a hacker successfully exploits a vulnerability in your website, they can access the admin panel. And once they do this, they essentially have free rein over your site, and can do practically whatever they want.
This means that businesses need to understand some of the more common tactics that hackers are using. Here are 4 of the most common.
SQL injections are little bits of computer code that hackers can use to gain control of your server or website. Usually, they get past security checks on websites without the correct user input validation.
With SQL injections, hackers are easily able to access sensitive information about your clients. And they able to access your databases and web applications. This means that your company is at risk of losing mission critical data and customer information.
Broken Authentication And Session Management
Be careful when you update your website’s authentication or session management. Doing so in the improper way can produce a vulnerability to hackers. If you have one of these vulnerabilities, hackers can steal user account names and passwords.
This is why having your website properly built and managed by companies like Magento 2 Agency is so important. Custom authentication schemes are vital for maintaining your websites integrity. Doing things like limiting the number of times a hacker can attempt to login or setting a minimum length for passwords can help. But it’s also important to store passwords in an encrypted form and protect session ID. And none of this is something that can easily be addressed by regular business people.
Direct Object Reference
Sometimes there is a reference to a website object in the website code itself. Most users of the site will never access this. But hackers are always on the lookout for potential weaknesses. Once a hacker has a reference to an internal object on the website, it is at risk. If the object – like a file or document – is not secured, it’s often the case that hackers will be able to gain access. That’s because web applications rarely check to make sure that a user is authorized.
That’s why businesses need to ensure that accessing any website objects requires a password.
Remote Code Execution
Servers are not always as secure as you might imagine them to be. Often hackers can exploit critical vulnerabilities and gain access. One way they do this is by remotely executing system level code through the server. This code can be used to obtain access to files or to take control of a server completely. Usually, it’s the result of a coding problem at the server end.
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